The Balearic Islands Coastal Ocean Observing and Forecasting System (SOCIB)

SOCIB is a multi-platform distributed and integrated system that provides streams of oceanographic data and modelling services to support operational oceanography in a European and international framework, therefore also contributing to the needs of marine and coastal research in a global change context. In line with EuroGOOS, operational oceanography is here understood in a wide sense, including both the systematic long-term measurements of the seas and their interpretation and dissemination, and also the sustained supply of multidisciplinary data to cover the needs of a wide range of scientific research and societal priorities. This allows a quantitative increase in our understanding of key questions on oceans and climate change, coastal ocean processes, ecosystem variability, sea level rise, etc. and also drives us towards a more science based coastal and ocean management. It is important to note that in its present format and financial status, SOCIB isl not be carrying out direct research activities (except in specific areas directly related to SOCIB objectives) but provides support for them. The research activities are being carried out by IMEDEA, COB/IEO and UIB, among other organisations, in close coordination to SOCIB.

SOCIB is composed by three major subsystems: (1) an observing sub-system (Observing Facilities), (2) a forecasting and modelling sub-system (Forecasting and Modelling Facility) and (3) a data management sub-system (Data Centre Facility). Combined these three components form the Systems Operation and Support Division (SOS Division). The Engineering and Technology Development Division (ETD Division) provides the engineering and technical backbone to develop and operate the facilities of the SOS Division and is also responsible for the application, development and testing of new technologies for future observing systems and for developing new analytical tools for the effective management of new, high volumes, of observational data and modelling output. The third Division, the Strategic Issues and Applications for Society (SIAS Division), develops applications and operational tools for science-based management of the coastal and marine environment, within the general frame of sustainability science, thus supporting the development and transfer of strategic knowledge to meet the needs of society in the context of global change. It is important to consider that the sound management of the coastal zone is of utmost importance in the Balearic Islands and elsewhere to guarantee both the quality of life of residents and the competitiveness and sustainability of the economic activity in the Balearic Islands.